Reading Kundera: The Unbearable Lightness and Weight of Being

Rahul S
5 min readJul 27, 2023


Certain books have the power to leave an indelible mark on one’s soul. They can transform the way we perceive the world; and ourselves. Among such works, Milan Kundera’s ‘The Unbearable Lightness of Being’ holds a separate place in my heart. It altered the fabric of my consciousness forever.

At its core, the novel is a philosophical exploration that grapples with profound questions about existence, love, and the complexities of human relationships. Its characters — Tomas, Tereza, Sabina, and Franz — embody the quintessence of human vulnerability and the intricate interplay of choices and consequences. Their lives are a canvas upon which Kundera deftly paints the stark contrast between the concepts of lightness and weight, and invites readers to ponder the existential significance of their own actions.

To me, the novel primarily addresses two ideas - that seem opposite to each other. The notions of ‘lightness’ and ‘being/weight’. Each character grapples with the paradox of ‘lightness’ and ‘weight of being’ in their unique ways. Their experiences, like an intricate ballet of life, mirror the complexities of our human existence.

‘Lightness’, as used by Kundera, suggests that life is transient, devoid of inherent meaning — and so, open to an infinite array of possibilities. ‘Weight’, on the other hand, suggests each action carries a lasting consequence.

‘Lightness’ dances through life like a fleeting wisp, devoid of inherent purpose, while ‘weight’ bears the gravity of our choices, etching indelible marks upon our souls.

In the novel itself, life reveals itself as a feather-light wisp, devoid of inherent meaning, and as fleeting as a vanishing moment in time. The characters in the novel dance within this ethereal breeze, embodying the concept of ‘lightness’ in diverse ways.

“Anyone whose goal is ‘something higher’ must expect someday to suffer vertigo. What is vertigo? Fear of falling? No, Vertigo is something other than fear of falling. It is the voice of the emptiness below us which tempts and lures us, it is the desire to fall, against which, terrified, we defend ourselves.” (Milan